This was a breakaway group from the Methodists of John Wesley. It was founded in 1811AD by Henry Bourne and William Clowes, who were expelled for holding out-door meetings, (originally at Mow Cop, Staffordshire). Primitive Methodist preachers tended to be local lay people of the same occupation as their congregations. The Primitive Methodists were noted for open-air meetings and being especially strong in industrial areas. They accepted teetotalism and women preachers.