Keys to the Past

Glossary

Quakers

also called The Society of Friends
This is a religious organisation founded by George Fox (1624-1691AD) in the 1650s AD. Fox was unable to find any church satisfying. He first started itinerant preaching, but found others likeminded. A society was formed who called themselves the 'Children of Light' or the 'Friends of Truth' - they were nicknamed the Quakers, as they shook during worship. Quakers rejected any organised secular or spiritual authorities - the members leading the worship themselves and being guided by a found inner light. Quakers were and are pacifists and non-political. They were persecuted till 1689AD, which like Presbyterians entailed imprisonment and enforced transportation. Quakers took up industrial, scientific and social improvements for many. Edward Pease of Darlington was involved in financing the Stockton and Darlington Railway.

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