Keys to the Past

Glossary

Northern Rebellion

This was a rebellion by the Catholic nobility of the north. It was launched in November and December 1569AD being led by Thomas, Earl of Northumberland, and Charles, Earl of Westmorland. This used the flag of the Pilgrimage of Grace showing the wounds of the crucifixion. The rebels destroyed English Bibles and restored traditional altars and statues. The rising was put down for the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I by Lord Sussex. Westmorland escaped into exile - but Northumberland was beheaded after a failed attempt to seek sanctuary in Scotland in 1572AD. Henry, who became the 8th Earl had held the castle at Tynemouth for the Queen in the rebellion.

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