Keys to the Past

Glossary

Hospital

A place designed for cared for the sick. The earliest in the northeast were purpose-built hospitals in the Roman period placed in the military forts, such as those along Hadrian's Wall. These were organised around a central courtyard with the separate wards leading off from it. Monasteries took over the role of caring for the sick in the Medieval period - as such these were often served by monks and nuns. These complexes had their chapels and accommodation. Specialist hospitals were built on the edges of towns for lepers - though anyone uncared for and unable to look after themselves might have been looked after at such places. Post-Medieval 'improvements' further increased the range of specialist hospitals - dealing with the mentally ill at a distance to towns, thought best at the time, or out in the countryside to provide fresh air away from the smoky Industrial Revolution towns.

To explore more glossary entries click on a letter.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z 1-9