Keys to the Past

Glossary

Battle of Flodden

This Battle of Flodden was fought on September 9th1513 between the English and the Scots. King James IV of Scotland invaded England to divert the English army from France where they were fighting his ally Louis XII of France.

The Scottish army had over 30,000 soldiers including early cannons. They were opposed by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, with an army 20,000 strong. Though they were outnumbered, the English were better equipped and by nightfall had won a major victory. Anywhere from 10,000 - 12,000 Scots, including King James IV and many nobles, were killed.

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