Arts and Crafts Style; Arts and Crafts
The Arts and Crafts style was an artistic movement that developed in the later half of the 19th century. Its followers believed that ideas of good design were linked to (political and social) ideas of a good society. They thought that beautiful objects could not be produced by a mass production, nor would skills be shown in mass produced objects. Mass production was also thought to dehumanise the workers. The forms of Arts and Crafts style were typically rectangular and angular with decorated patterns of Medieval and Islamic origin. The style was led by William Morris (1834-1896AD), and Philip Webb (1831-1915AD) Morris's architect. The church at Roker, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, has been described as the Arts and Crafts Cathedral.