Keys to the Past

Iron Age and Romano-British settlement on Shildon Hill (Bywell)

The remains on Shildon Hill are those of an Iron Age defended settlement and a later Romano-British farmstead. The Iron Age settlement survives in places as an earthwork but is largely only visible as a cropmark. It is circular in shape, measures about 90m across, and is enclosed by two ramparts and ditches. The entrance lies through the west side and inside the settlement, aerial photographs show that circular houses once stood here. Also inside the enclosure is a Romano-British farmstead. It shows up most clearly on aerial photographs but again slight earthwork remains can be traced around its western side. The farmstead measures about 60m by 70m and has an entrance through the west side. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N9961
Historical period: Roman (43 to 410)
Iron Age (800BC to 43AD)
Legal status:Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1956; A S Phillips
FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1966; R Lewis

See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Bywell

Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.