Keys to the Past

Iron Age defended settlement and Neolithic cup marked stone on Great Wanney Crag (Kirkwhelpington)

Between 4000 and 6000 years ago, during what archaeologists call the Neolithic period, people carved cup marks and grooves on several stones on the edge of Great Wanney Crag. Archaeologists think the cup marked stones were created either as part of a religious ritual, or perhaps to mark boundaries or routes through the landscape. At least 1000 years later, between 2000 and 3000 years ago, during what archaeologists call the Iron Age, people built a defended settlement or hillfort in the same spot. The hillfort is surrounded by a stone rampart. The hillfort and cup marked stone are a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N9500
Historical period: Neolithic (4000BC to 2200BC)
Iron Age (800BC to 43AD)
Legal status:Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):DESK BASED ASSESSMENT, Green Rigg Wind Farm: cumulative review of landscape and visual and archaeological issues 2006; Northern Archaeological Associates
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT, Steadings windfarm - cultural heritage impact, including assessment of cumulative effects 2007; Oxford Archaeological Associates
FIELD SURVEY, Hill forts and settlements in Northumberland ; G Jobey

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See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Kirkwhelpington


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Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.