Keys to the Past

Beldon lead mine and ore works (Blanchland)

The remains of Beldon lead mine and ore works lie by the Beldon Burn. A number of small lead veins were worked but it is not known how extensive then underground remains are. Above ground there are remains from two different periods. The mine first opened in the 18th century and operated until its closure by 1820. The mine was reopened in the 1860s and 1870s.
The mine survives as a series of earthworks and ruined buildings and structures. Two shafts give access to the mine and probably date to the first phase of working. The remains include tall stone containers called bouse teams in which mined ore was stored before processing. Near one of the shafts is a ruined engine house which may have housed a Boulton and Watt Rotary steam engine, probably installed in 1805 when the mine was enlarged. The mine workshop and smithy lie nearby as well as the remains of a chimney, dressing floor, a wheel pit, tail race, traces of a wooden launder, and the site of a crushing mill. The remains are well preserved and are a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N8332
Historical period: Post Medieval (1540 to 1901)
Legal status:Scheduled Ancient Monument

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See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Blanchland

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Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.