Keys to the Past

Carrshield Lead Mines (West Allen)

Carrshield lead mine and ore works. Photo Northumberland County Council.
Carrshield lead mine and ore works. Photo Northumberland County Council.

These are the remains of two lead mines and an ore works, standing on the base and lower slopes of the valley of the West Allen at Carrshields. These are the remains of over three centuries of mining at the site. The earliest known mining activity at the site was a level opened in 1760s and continued in use throughout the 19th century. The arches of this mine entrance are still visible. The two-storied lodging shop is the largest in the North Pennines. Inside and around the lodging shops are a series of culverts, some of which may have been used to drain the mines. The second mine at the site was Scathole Mine, which was operated in the 19th century by the Beaumont Company in the 19th century and re-opened in the 1950s. As well as the mining remains there is evidence for at least two hushes. Other remains include a set of bouse teams and a washing floor. The River West Allen runs through the centre of the complex. It is revetted with stone walls which once supported an extension of the washing floor. The complex also includes the remains of a railway line and several tracks giving access to the waste heaps. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N7089
Historical period: Post Medieval (1540 to 1901)
Legal status:Listed Building
Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):FIELD SURVEY, Barney Crag Industrial Complex, Carr Shield 1992; RCHME
FIELD OBSERVATION (MONITORING), West Allen Metal Minewater Scheme, Carrshield Lead Mines and Ore Works, Northumberland: archaeological monitoring 2012; Archaeological Services Durham University
WATCHING BRIEF, West Allen Minewater Scheme, Carrshield 2014; Archaeological Services Durham University
WATCHING BRIEF, Barneycraig Mine Water Treatment Scheme, Carrshield 2015; Archaeological Services Durham University
HERITAGE ASSESSMENT, Heritage assessment for Barney Craig Mine Water Treatment Scheme, Carrshield 2015; Archaeological Services Durham University

To find out more about a particular site, please click the Identify button (i) on the toolbar, then click the site on the map.
The Historic maps option is only available when the map scale is between 2500 and 10000.




See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of West Allen


Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.