Vallum between Steel Rigg and Caw Gap (Henshaw; Melkridge)
The vallum runs along the low ground south of Hadrian's Wall. It is an earthwork feature with a ditch about one metre deep and mounds on both sides about 30 centimetres high. However, near Shield on the Wall the ditch is two metres deep and the mounds one metre high. In some places, later features have been built on top of the vallum, such as the B6318 road at Twice Brewed and part of Winshield Farm buildings. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.
|Historical period:||Roman (43 to 410)|
|Legal status:||Scheduled Ancient Monument|
|Event(s):||TRIAL TRENCH, East Bog 2003; OXFORD ARCHAEOLOGY (NORTH)|
WATCHING BRIEF, An archaeological watching brief in association with a coring survey along the B6318 'Military Road', Throckley-Gilsland, Tynedale, Northumberland 2007; Pre-Construct Archaeology
WATCHING BRIEF, Archaeological watching brief on B6318 signing improvements, Once Brewed 2008; Pre-Construct Archaeology
DESK BASED ASSESSMENT, The Sill Project, Once Brewed, Northumberland: Interim Desk-Based Assessment and Field Survey 2013; Oxford Archaeology (North)
GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY, The Sill Project, Once Brewed 2013; Oxford Archaeology (North)
The Historic maps option is only available when the map scale is between 2500 and 10000.
Source of Reference
Local History of Melkridge
Local History of Henshaw