Keys to the Past

Vallum between Steel Rigg and Caw Gap (Henshaw; Melkridge)

The vallum runs along the low ground south of Hadrian's Wall. It is an earthwork feature with a ditch about one metre deep and mounds on both sides about 30 centimetres high. However, near Shield on the Wall the ditch is two metres deep and the mounds one metre high. In some places, later features have been built on top of the vallum, such as the B6318 road at Twice Brewed and part of Winshield Farm buildings. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N6545
Historical period: Roman (43 to 410)
Legal status:Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):TRIAL TRENCH, East Bog 2003; OXFORD ARCHAEOLOGY (NORTH)
WATCHING BRIEF, An archaeological watching brief in association with a coring survey along the B6318 'Military Road', Throckley-Gilsland, Tynedale, Northumberland 2007; Pre-Construct Archaeology
WATCHING BRIEF, Archaeological watching brief on B6318 signing improvements, Once Brewed 2008; Pre-Construct Archaeology
GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY, The Sill Project, Once Brewed 2013; Oxford Archaeology (North)
DESK BASED ASSESSMENT, The Sill Project, Once Brewed, Northumberland: Interim Desk-Based Assessment and Field Survey 2013; Oxford Archaeology (North)

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See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Melkridge
Local History of Henshaw


Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.