Keys to the Past

Great Chesters Roman fort (Greenhead)

Great Chesters Roman fort stands on a ridge overlooking the Caw Burn. The Romans called it Aesica and it was one of the last forts to be built on Hadrian's Wall. The fort was added to the back of the Wall and finished between AD128 and AD138. The banks and ditches around the fort can still be seen, but more remains survive beneath the ground. There have been several excavations at the fort and these found the headquarters building, commanding officer's house, barrack blocks and other buildings. An important discovery was made in the 1890s when some jewellery was found including an enamelled brooch in the shape of a hare, and a gilded bronze Celtic brooch. More recent aerial photography using infra-red film, shows the fort in great detail. The cemetery and civilian settlement associated with the fort lie nearby. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N6468
Historical period: Roman (43 to 410)
Legal status:Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):EXCAVATION, Great Chesters Fort 1987; Central Excavation Unit, English Heritage
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY, Hadrian's Wall Landscape from Chesters to Greenhead 1999; T GATES
WATCHING BRIEF, Greatchesters Roman Fort and Hadrian's Wall from Cockmounthill Plantation to Allolees 2009; Alan Williams Archaeology

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See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Greenhead


Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.