Keys to the Past

Hadrian's Wall and vallum between Carvoran and the B6318 south-east of Longbyre (Greenhead; Thirlwall)

This section of Hadrian's Wall survives both as an earthwork and as a buried feature. There are few traces of it above ground but, where it can be seen, it is a low mound no more than 30cm high. A robber trench near the B6318 road shows where the stonework of the Wall was removed in the past. The ditch on the north side of the Wall survives up to 3.5m deep in places and the upcast mound, or glacis, can be seen too. The site of a turret, known as Turret 46a, has not been confirmed. Similarly, the route of the Military Way Roman road is also uncertain. However, the vallum does survive as an earthwork visible on the ground and measures up to 2.5m deep in places. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N6100
Historical period: Roman (43 to 410)
Legal status:Listed Building
Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):WATCHING BRIEF, Wall End and Holmhead Farms, Greenhead, Northumberland 2001; LANCASTER UNIVERSITY ARCHAEOLOGICAL UNIT
WATCHING BRIEF, Archaeological watching brief on land adjacent to Thirlwall Castle, Northumberland 2006; North Pennines Archaeology Ltd
WATCHING BRIEF, An archaeological watching brief in association with a coring survey along the B6318 'Military Road', Throckley-Gilsland, Tynedale, Northumberland 2007; Pre-Construct Archaeology

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See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Thirlwall
Local History of Greenhead

Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.