Keys to the Past

Cresswell Tower (Cresswell)

Cresswell Tower. Photo by Northumberland County Council, 2002.
Cresswell Tower. Photo by Northumberland County Council, 2002.

Cresswell Tower is a medieval tower house on the Northumberland coast. It was formerly the seat of the Cresswell family. A large 18th century house was once built on to the north end of the tower and was demolished in the mid-19th century. This house was replaced by Cresswell Hall built in 1821-5, lying some distance further west. This was in turn demolished in 1937. The tower is now an isolated structure set within woodland on the edge of a caravan park. The only trace of the former mansion is its roof groove on the north wall of the tower. The medieval tower is 15th century in date, with an 18th century parapet and turret. The tower was conserved recently to prevent further decay. This is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade II* Listed Building protected by law.

An archaeological evaluation carried out in 2017 adjacent to Cresswell Tower revealed the remains of a 12th-14th century building and the 18th century manor house. Two pits were also revealed which may be of prehistoric date.

Reference number:N11924
Historical period: Post Medieval (1540 to 1901)
Medieval (1066 to 1540)
Prehistoric (500000BC to 43AD)
Legal status:Listed Building
Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):BUILDING SURVEY, Cresswell Tower 1995; P Ryder
RECTIFIED PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEY, Cresswell Tower. Contextual record of north elevation 1999; WEST YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGY SERVICE
TRIAL TRENCH, Cresswell Tower. Archaeological recording. Supplementary report July 2000 2000
TRIAL TRENCH, Cresswell Tower. An archaeological investigation of the flooring at first floor level 2000
BUILDING SURVEY, Cresswell Tower archaeological recording 2000; P Ryder
BUILDING SURVEY, Cresswell Tower Archaeological recording 2000. Drawings and structural inventory 2000
WATCHING BRIEF, An archaeological watching brief at Cresswell Tower House 2014; Archaeological Research Services
EVALUATION, Cresswell Pele Tower Community Archaeology Project. Evaluation Trenching 2017; Archaeological Research Services

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See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Cresswell

Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.