Keys to the Past

Rudchester Roman Fort (Vindovala) (Heddon-on-the-Wall)

Excavation of west gate at Rudchester in 1924. Photo © Newcastle University, courtesy of the Museum of Antiquities/Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle
Excavation of west gate at Rudchester in 1924. Photo © Newcastle University, courtesy of the Museum of Antiquities/Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle

This is the site of the Roman fort of Rudchester (Vindovala). The fort guards the valley of the March Burn. The site was very well preserved until the 18th century when many of the stones were removed to be used elsewhere. The site was then heavily ploughed and farmed. All that can be seen now is a slight earthwork. Since 1897 archaeologists have excavated it several times. They have found the remains of the Commanding Officer's house, the Headquarters' Building, a granary. Finds from the site include a life-size statue of the Roman god Hercules and five altars to Mithras. A settlement for civilians, known as a vicus stood to the south and south west of the fort. It included a temple to Mithras. This is a Scheduled Monument protected by law.

Reference number:N10856
Historical period: Roman (43 to 410)
Legal status:Scheduled Ancient Monument
Event(s):FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1966; R W Emsley
EXCAVATION, Interim Report on Excavations at the Roman Fort of Rudchester, 1972 1972
TRIAL TRENCH, Rudchester Roman Fort. An archaeological Survey of the Water main 1989; The Archaeological Practice
WATCHING BRIEF, A Watching brief at Rudchester Fort, Northumberland 1991; The Archaeological Practice
TRIAL TRENCH, Archaeological Excavation and Monitoring at Rudchester Farm, Northumberland 1997; The Archaeological Practice
DESK BASED ASSESSMENT, Rudchester Roman Fort, Archaeological Assessment 1997; Conservation Team, Northumberland County Council
WATCHING BRIEF, Rudchester Roman Fort Heddon-on-the-Wall: archaeological watching brief 1999; LUAU
WATCHING BRIEF, Rudchester Roman Fort, Heddon-on-the-Wall, Northumberland. Archaeological watching brief 2001; LANCASTER UNIVERSITY ARCHAEOLOGICAL UNIT
WATCHING BRIEF, Rudchester Farm. Excavation of soakaway 2002; Alan Williams Archaeology
WATCHING BRIEF, Rudchester Farm. Replacement of gable foundations 2002; Alan Williams Archaeology
GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY, Geophysical survey on route of Tyneside North Circular Trunk Main, Northumberland and Tyne and Wear 2006; Archaeological Services Durham University
WATCHING BRIEF, An archaeological watching brief in association with a coring survey along the B6318 'Military Road', Throckley-Gilsland, Tynedale, Northumberland 2007; Pre-Construct Archaeology
WATCHING BRIEF, Stable Cottage, Rudchester 2009
DESK BASED ASSESSMENT, Rudchester Farm and Roman Fort 2010; Mouchel
WATCHING BRIEF, Rudchester Manor and barn 2010; AOC Archaeology Group
WATCHING BRIEF, Land north of Rudchester Roman Fort 2016; Pre-Construct Archaeology

See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Heddon-on-the-Wall

Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.