Keys to the Past

Church of St Peter (Bywell)

St Peter's Church is one of two churches in Bywell, both with Anglo-Saxon origins. It originally belonged to the Benedictine monastery of Durham and was the location of Bishop Egbert's consecration as 12th Bishop of Lindisfarne in AD803. The oldest parts of the church are the north wall of the nave and the western parts of the chancel walls. The present chancel was built at the beginning of the 13th century, but the church is reported to have been burnt down in 1285. It was rebuilt in the 14th and 15th centuries and restored in the 19th century. The Anglo-Saxon church is thought to have been a major building with a nave over 19m long. The 13th century tower is built on and partly within the original nave and overlies some Anglo-Saxon foundations. Built into the walls of the church are many Roman stones which has in part lead to the suggestion that the church may stand on a Roman site. Excavations in 1995 discovered the massive foundations of the Saxon chancel. This is a Grade I Listed Building protected by law.

Reference number:N10072
Historical period: Roman (43 to 410)
Early Medieval (410 to 1066)
Early 20th Century (1901 to 1932)
Medieval (1066 to 1540)
Legal status:Listed Building
Event(s):FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1956; A S Phillips
FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1966; R W Emsley
WATCHING BRIEF, St Peter's Church, Bywell. An archaeological watching brief 1995; P RYDER

See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Bywell

Disclaimer -

Please note that this information has been compiled from a number of different sources. Durham County Council and Northumberland County Council can accept no responsibility for any inaccuracy contained therein. If you wish to use/copy any of the images, please ensure that you read the Copyright information provided.