Keys to the Past

Styford deserted medieval village (Bywell)

In medieval times Styford was the centre of the barony of Bolbec. A chapel is recorded there in 1262, but there is no information about the size of the population in the 1296 Lay Subsidy. The Poll Tax of 1377 records 22 adults living there but this may also include dependent hamlets. Nevertheless, it is thought possible that there was a sizeable population at Styford which declined from the end of the 13th century after destruction by the Scots and plague. Later documentary evidence in the 17th and 18th centuries shows there were only a few cottages. Any remains of the village had been cleared and the area emparked by 1816 to form the grounds of Styford Hall. Today there are no visible remains of the former village.

Reference number:N10068
Historical period: Post Medieval (1540 to 1901)
Medieval (1066 to 1540)
Event(s):FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1956; A S Phillips
FIELD OBSERVATION, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigation 1966; R W Emsley

See also:
Source of Reference
Local History of Bywell

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